papaya plant

Papaya Cultivation

Papaya Cultivation


Introduction

Papaya is the most tropical and sub-tropical fruit. India ranks fourth among papaya producing countries in the world after Brazil, Mexico and Nigeria. Vitamin A is found in abundance in Papaya. Which is second only to Mango. Apart from this, Vitamin C and mineral salts are found. In addition to fresh use, many preservatives are made from this fruits.

Papaya cultivation

The unripe fruits are used to making Petha, Barfi, Kheer, Rayata and Vegetables also. While the ripe fruit James, Jelies Nactor and candies etc. Along with this, it contain a special type of enzymes called papain, which is the dried milk of the unripe papaya fruits. The medicinal properties of papaya are due to this papain.

Land and Climate for Papaya Farming | Land and Climate for Papaya cultivation

Being a tropical crop, It require high humidity and temperature. It is considered a cold crop. It can also grown in subtropical areas due to torrential rains. Hot and dry weather is required for papaya to grow. The plant cannot withstand strong winds.

It can also be grown in greenhouse. It should be planted in summer. The temperature should be around 40 Degree Celsius. It can be grown in any type of soil. But sandy loam soil is best for papaya cultivation. It is grown well in alluvial soils. Land with fertile soil and well drained is preferred for papaya cultivation. The pH value of the soil should be between 5.5 to 7.5 which is considered good for papaya cultivation.

Varieties of Papaya

In India there are many types of varieties cultivated in different areas. In which there are mainly 20 improved varieties and some are local and foreign varieties. The local varieties are Ranchi, Barvani and Madhu Vindu. Among the exotic varieties, Washington, Solo, Sunrise Solo and Red Lady are prominent.

Papaya

Some of the major varieties as follows: Pusa Delicius, Pusa Majesty, Pusa Dwarf, Pusa Giant, Pusa Nanha these varieties of papaya developed by Indian Agriculture Research Institute, PUSA Bihar. Coorg Honey dew, Surya, these varieties Developed by Indian Horticultural Research Institute Bangalore. CO1, CO2, CO3, CO4, CO5 CO6 and CO7 varieties developed by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Planting seedling

For showing seeds in nursery, 3 meter long, 1 meter. Wide and 15 cm. high beds should be made. Mixing cow dung manure in the soil should be made fine. The seed should be planted in a row in the bed. The row to row distance is 10 cm. must be shown deeply. After this the seed should be covered with cow dung or compost by making it crumbly.

To protest the seed from rain or strong sunlight, it should be covered with weeds or straw. After this, water should be given daily from the fountain in the nursery in the morning till the seed germinated. Papaya seeds get frozen within 7 to 15 days and the straw should be removed after settling. After removing the straw, light irrigation should be by fountain.

Growing Plants in polythene bags

Papaya CultivationFor growing plants in polythene bags, holes were made of 150 to 200 gauge polythene bags whose length is 22 cm and the width is 15 cm. the bag should be filled with one third sand, one third compost and one third soil. 3 seeds 1 cm per bag. Irrigation should be done with water after sowing at the depth of proper care should be taken after the plant frozen.

Planting and care of Papaya Plant

For the cultivation of Papaya, such a place should be chosen where water does not stagnate in the rainy season. After selecting the land, the land should be well prepared by plowing 2-3 times during summer. To get higher yield per unit area, papaya is planted at 1.8 * 1.8 meter. Should be placed at a distance.

The size of Pit should be 60*60*60 cm during summer at the prescribed distance for planting seeding. Leave the pit open for 15 days. Before the onset of the rain, add 20 kg to the friable soil above the pit. Decomposed mature of cow dung 1 kg, Neem cake 1 kg. When the plant is 15-20 cm in nursery. Plant the plants in the middle of the pit in the month of Octomber.

Papaya Harvesting

It is ready to harvest after 10 months of transplanting. The fruit is green in color in the beginning, when its fruit starts appearing attractive in yellow color, during that time its fruits are harvested. Milk comes out when the nail is attached to its raw fruit, and a water-like substance comes out from the ripe fruit. By which its raw and ripe fruit can be identified.

Papaya Fruit Protection

After the papaya fruits are harvested, they are preserved properly, for this the fruit is wrapped in a newspaper or plain paper. The fruits have to be protected from being buried. If the fruit is suppressed in some way, the fruit will very soon start to spoil. Therefore, at the time of harvesting the fruits, one has to be very careful, that the fruit does not break or fall or there will be any kind of scratch in it. Because due to this the fruit gets spoiled in less time.

A yield of about 35 to 40 tons is obtained in one hectare. Its market price is good coffee. Due to which farmers can easily earn one to one and a half lakh rupees from one-time crop and earn good profit.

For more Information You can visit- National Horticulture Board


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