Methi

Fenugreek (Methi)

Fenugreek (METHI)

Introduction

Fenugreek belongs to Leguminosae family. It is a leafy medical crop. It is counted among the spice crop. Its leaf and seeds also used for spices as well as medical purposes. Its bitterness in the taste but its medical properties to be surprised.

Minerals like Sodium, Zinc, Phosphorus, Folic acid, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium and Vitamins like A, B, C are also found in its seeds. Apart from this, nutrients like Fibre, protein, starch, Phosphoric acid are also found in abundance.

Fenugreek | the farm leader

In our country it is successfully cultivated in Northern India. Rajasthan and Gujarat are the major Fenugreek producing states in the Country. More than 80% of Fenugreek production is done in Rajasthan. Fenugreek is mainly grown during the Rabi session in India.

Fenugreek is cultivated in all type of soils, but clay soil is good drainage more suitable for its cultivation.

Fenugreek Seed | the farm leader

Medical Benefits of Fenugreek

Its use is very beneficial in Hypertension, Diabetes and Dyspepsia. Green Fenugreeks helps in reducing blood sugar. It’s very beneficial in stomach related disease. Its consumption provides relief in joint pain. Thus, it is consumed in many disease. Be it Green Fenugreek and seeds consuming it in both ways is helpful in keeping the body healthy.

Varieties

Kasuri, Methi No 47, CO 1, Hissar Sonali, Methi no 14. Pusa early bunching, Rajendra Kranti, RMt-1, lam sel-1, Kashmiri Methi etc.

Land Preparation and Atmosphere

Farmer brothers cultivating fenugreek should get the field plowed until the soil becomes friable, that is, no pebbles or lumps remain. Pata should be used for this. Dung manure mixture should be applied before the last plowing. So that the compost mixes well in the soil.

Land is prepared by two or three times and bring soil fine tilth. After that the field is ready for sowing. For sowing, a flat bed of 3 x 2 meters should be prepared.

Farmer brothers, fenugreek can be cultivated in every type of soil. But sandy and sandy loamy soil is best for this. The pH value of the soil should be between 6 to 8. Cool climate is better for the cultivation of fenugreek because its plant has more frost tolerance than other plants. Farmer brothers have to keep in mind that cultivation of fenugreek should be done in those places where there is not much rain because the fenugreek plant is not able to tolerate excessive rainfall. Therefore, the waterlogged field is also harmful for the cultivation of fenugreek.

Fertilizer Management

Management of fertilizer and booster chemical is very beneficial in fenugreek cultivation. The better the farmer brothers manage them, the better they will be able to get the yield. For this, the right amount of fertilizers will have to be applied from time to time. Along with this, booster chemical doses will also have to be given from time to time. This makes the crop grow faster. At the time of sowing, 12 kg urea, 8 kg potassium, 50 kg super phosphide and 5 kg nitrogen should be applied in one acre.

To give rapid growth in plants, spray Tricotanol hormone mixed with water only after 10 days. After ten days, the crop is ready soon after spraying with the same mixture of NPK.Fenugreek For good harvest, after one and a half month, the solution should be sprayed with Brassinolide mixed with water. After ten days, after spraying the same solution again, the crop grows faster. Spray Thiurea to protect from frost and fog.

Irrigation Management

Methi

Management of irrigation is also necessary in cultivation. By irrigation from time to time, the level of greens is quite good, otherwise the plants become hard and then their vegetables are no longer marketable. Irrigation should be done before sowing. Sowing should be done at the time of light moisture so that they can germinate quickly. Irrigation should be done one month after sowing.

After that, irrigation should be done around two months according to the pH value of the soil. After this irrigation should be done in three months and in the fourth month. Irrigation should be done early in the cultivation with greens. Apart from this, when the plant starts flowering after flowering, then special attention has to be given to irrigation. Because the lack of water can have a significant impact on the yield.

How to Harvest

For vegetable purpose, harvesting of crop can be started from 20-25days after sowing whereas for grain purpose, harvesting is done 90-100days after sowing. For grain purpose, harvest when lower leaves turn yellow and starts shedding and pods turn to yellowish color. Use sickle for harvesting purpose.


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Video reference:- The Advance Agriculture

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